ETS surcharges for EEA port calls live from Jan 1st 2024

ETS surcharges for EEA port calls live from Jan 1st 2024

Timeline chart of extension EU ETS to maritime
Source: European Commission

As of January 1st, 2024, Ship Owners and Managers of cargo vessels above 5,000 GT sailing to EU ports will be the subject of reporting and surrendering emissions allowances under the EU Emission Trading System (EU ETS).
For every 1 ton of reported CO2, European Union Allowance (EUA) must be purchased and submitted annually to the EU.

The EU ETS is a market-based mechanism that has been in place since 2005 and is designed to reduce GHG emissions from the power and industrial sectors. In brief, the ETS caps the total amount of emissions that these sectors can produce and then issues allowances for these emissions that can be bought and sold on a carbon market. The system aims to create an economic incentive for companies to reduce their carbon emissions, as those who emit less than their allowance can sell their surplus allowances to those who emit more.

In May 2023, the EU ETS expanded to encompass the maritime sector, which contributes approximately 2.5% of global GHG emissions. Under this extension, all ships docking at EU ports must secure allowances to cover their emissions. This regulation applies to shipping companies operating vessels exceeding 5,000 gross tonnages, regardless of their flag or ownership. It encompasses emissions from both voyages within EU territorial waters and those between the EU and third countries.

For numerous shipping companies, the idea of buying and surrounding allowances may seem unfamiliar. The EU ETS functions as a market driven by supply and demand, resulting in some uncertainty regarding the actual price of these allowances.

This aspect of the EU ETS is often seen as a drawback when compared to its alternative, a carbon tax. Unlike the straightforward payment of taxes, the EU ETS requires organizations to become acquainted with compliance considerations and the dynamics of the market.

We will be providing you with updates on this topic in upcoming posts.

Please check also following link where you can hopefuly find a quick answer you your queries

FAQ – Maritime transport in EU Emissions Trading System (ETS)


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