Cargo holds washing in Polish ports and on the Baltic Sea

Preparing holds for the next cargo is a key operational aspect on all bulk carriers. If not properly planned and carried out, poor cleaning can be the cause of cargo claims such as shortages, contamination, or water damage. All that in addition to charterparty disputes arising from delays and/or berthing costs.  The extent to which the hold needs to be cleaned depends on several factors, but the most important is the next cargo to be loaded.  There are number of terms used to describe the cleanliness requirements, but there is no universal definition of these terms. Standards such as 'hospital', 'grain', 'normal' and 'shovel' are all in common use and are often included in charterparties. However, even when one of these commonly used terms is used, disputes can arise over the required standard of cleaning. This is because what is acceptable as 'grain clean' in one port may not be acceptable in another.  A general guide to these commonly used terms is as follows: [...]

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Use of scrubbers on the Baltic Sea and in Polish ports

Scrubbers are exhaust gas cleaning systems (EGCS) approved as an alternative to low sulphur fuel oil for seagoing ships. Seawater is sprayed into the exhaust gas to wash out the sulphur. In addition to the washed-out sulphur, other pollutants such as heavy metals, oil residues and also polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) get into the wastewater. This water mixture of partly long-lived and carcinogenic pollutants is often discharged into the sea almost unpurified and thus pollutes the marine environment. International Maritime Organization (IMO) regulations dictate strict limits on sulfur content in fuels carried by ships, with a ceiling of 0.50% and 0.10% m/m in Emission Control Areas (ECAs), including the Baltic Sea are, the North Sea area, the United States, Canada, and the United States Caribbean Sea area Why the installation is called a "scrubber"? [...]

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